During the last few days there have been protests and demands for new states all over India. Each and everyone have come out to claim his/her share of the pie and want to create new states. The supporters say, that it would help in the better development of the regions. Whereas, those opposing it say, it would divide the country. Many bloggers including a dear friend Pallavi (http://taxfreethoughts.wordpress.com/2009/12/14/divide-rule/), have written for or against this move. Before taking a stand based on emotions, let us first analyse the situation rationally.
1.) Better Development: The overall development would be better no doubt. With a small state, the cash would be spread out more evenly over the whole region. I was talking to Mayur yesterday and he said that his hometown, Nagpur comes in the Vidharbha region, which is quite underdeveloped compared to the regions near Mumbai. May be because the funds never reach the area or the area gets overlooked each time. Whatever the case, he didn’t sound very pleased with the results. On the other hand we have seen, how Haryana which was a rather underdeveloped area has grown after it was separated from Punjab.
2.) Better Management: It is difficult to manage a large area, whereas a small one can be managed easily.
3.) New Jobs: Each new state will have new departments and more employees would be needed. For the development of the state, new schemes would be given out to attract entrepreneurs and factory owners.
4.) Improved Lifestyle: The per capita income of the people will increase. Take the case of Chattisgarh, the per capita income of the region was below INR 20,000 before it was carved out from M.P. Now the statistics show that the per capita income is around INR 28,000.
5.) Health Sector: More money would be available to spend on the health sector. It would be easier to manage it over a smaller area and population.
6.) Improved Education: As I have said, better management and more money to spend on this sector, would ensure that the literacy rate increases.
7.) Better Infrastructure
1.) Division: This is the biggest drawback. Dividing a country into nth smaller parts, would be a catastrophe. ‘United we stand, divided we fall’ is an old and true saying. And we know how the various invaders from Muhammad of Ghor to the British were able to tap into our weakness and rule us.
2.) Corruption: Corruption would not go down but it would increase.
3.) Increased Spending: More money would be needed to pay the army of Bureaucrats and workers, employed under the government.
4.) Pan State Groups: Pan state groups and parties would rise. Every state has them. They do not think about the country as a whole but only about their people and region. According to such groups, the people of other states are not welcome to theirs.
5.) Political Instability: A large number of small regional parties would increase. A multi party system has more disadvantages than advantages. A lot of money would be spent during elections. Chances of hung assemblies would increase. And we have seen how the politicians fight amongst each other in the Parliament.
6.) As the number of parties increase, the chance of them fighting in Parliament also increases. The ruling body would be based on coalition amongst various parties. There would be walkouts, hung decisions and……etc. Overall the tax payers money would be spent and no work would be done.
7.) Sometimes people demand new states just because they are power hungry.
As we can see that new states have both its advantages and disadvantages. The only thing is, that we should not hold the country to ransom like the way the protesting party did in Andhra Pradesh and do all over the country.